16mm

Eastman Kodak introduced 16mm film in 1923 as a less expensive amateur alernative to 35mm film, during the 1920's the format was often referred to as sub standard by the professional industry.

Kodak hired Willard Beech Cook from his 28mm Pathescope of America company to create the new 16mm Kodascope Library , in addition to making home movies people could buy or rent films from the library, a key selling aspect of the format.

Inended for amateur use, 16mm film was one of the first formatsto use acetate safety film as a film base, Kodak never used nitrate film for the formatbecause of the high flamability of the nitrate base, 35mm nitrate was discontinued in 1952.

16mm is a histrorically popular and economicalgauge of film, 16mm refers to the width of the film, with other common film gauges including 8mm and 35mm, it is generally used for non theatrical (eg industrial & educational) film making or for low budget motion pictures, it also existed as a popular amateur or home movie making formatfor several decades, alongside 8mmfilm and the later Super 8 film.

In 1923 Eastman Kodak released the first 16mm "outfit" consisting of a camera, projector, tripod screen and splicer for $335.

RCA Victor introduved a 16mm sound movie projector in 1932 and developed an optical sound on film 16mm camera released in 1935.

By the 1930's 16mm had begun to make inroads into the educational market, the addition of optical sound tracks and most notably Kodachrome in 1935 gave an enormous boost to the 16mm market.

Used extensively in World war 2 there was a huge expansion of 16mm professional ilm making in the post war years.
Films for government, business, medical and industrial clients created a large network of 16mm professional filmmakers and related service industries in the 1950's and 1960's.

The advent of TV production also enhanced he use of 16mm film initially for its advantage of cost and portability over 35mm, at first used as a news gathering format, the 16mm format was also used to create television programming shot outside the confines of the more rigid television studio production sets.

The home movie market gradually switched to the even less expensive 8mm and Super 8 format, 16mm has been used extensively for television production with light cameras in many countries before portable video cameras appeared.

16mm is still in use in its Super 16 ratio for low cost productions

Here at Angels Media & Craft Studios we can transfer 16mm film (sound & silent) to DVD, once it has been digitalized we can adjust the colour to bring back the natural look, increase the sharpness and alter the brightness and contrast.