Standard 8

Standard 8 film or also known as Regular 8 was originally developed by the Eastman Kodak company and released onto the market in 1932, it was developed by Kodak to provide a cheaper and more portable alternative to the 16mm film format which was introduced in the 1920's.

Standard 8 film stock consists of 16mm film perforated to have twice the usual number of performations along its edge, the film is run through the camera exposing one edge of the film only, th spool is then reversed and the filmn run through again exposing the other edge, after processing the film was split down the middle and spliced together to give one roll of 8mm film, the standard spool size contains 25ft of film giving a combined total reel size of 50ft available for projection, at the usual filming speed of 16 fps this gives about 4 minutes of footage.

Standard 8 was an immediate success but retains a number of inherent problems mostly connected with the fact that the spool needs to be removed and reversed half way through filming, this procedure is tricky for the inexperienced user and needs to be carried out in subdued light to avoid fogging of the dges of the film, in addition he central six feet of finished film includes the characteristic burst of light corresponding to the reversal point.

In the 1960's a new filming and projection standard of 18 frames per second was introduced, although many cameras and projectors included multi speed facility.

The Standard 8 format was quickly displaced for the most part by Super 8 film format, which offers cartridge loading and a 50% larger frame size and electric powered cameras, from the mid 1960's onwards, Super 8 was critized that the film gate in some cheaper Super 8 cameras were plastic as was the pressure plate built in the cartridge, while the Standard 8 cameras had a permanent etal film gate that was rigid and more reliable in keeping the film flat and the image in focus, this was not the case since the plastic pressure plate could be moulded to far smaller tollerances that their metal counterparts could be machined.

Another criticism of Super 8 was that more sophisticated Standard 8 cameras permit backwind of the film, difficult but not impossible with a Super 8 cartridge, enabling simple double exposure and dissolve effecs to be made in camera.

Finally Super 8's smaller sprocket holes while allowing a larger frame size were also inherently more liable to tear.

Here at Angels Media & Craft Studios we can transfer Standard 8 film to DVD, once it has been digitalized we can adjust the colour to bring back the natural look, increase the sharpness and alter the brightness and contrast.