Super 8

The Super 8 format was launched in 1965 by Eastman Kodak as an inprovement to Standard 8 film, the film is 8mm wide, the same as standard 8 but the sprocket holes down one side are smaller allowing for a greater exposed area, Super 8 also allocates the border opposite the sprocket holes for an oxide stripe which sound can be recorded on.

The film was supplied in plastic light proof cartridges containing 50ft of film, if filming at 24fps this would have given 2.5 minutes of film, if filming at 18fps this would have given 3 minutes 20 sec of film.

In 1973 the system was upgraded with a larger cartridge which included film with magnetic sound, In 1975 an even larger cartridge (200ft) became available which could be used with specific camera, the sound and the 200ft cartridges are no longer available, but the 50ft cartridges are still manufactured.

It became extremely popular in the late 1960's through the 1970's but by the 1980's it was being replaced by video tape, but during the mid to late 1980's it re emerged as an alternative method to movie production.

In 1993 Kodak's Super 8 sound film now called Pro8mm pioneered the use of the colour negative in Super 8 by custom perforating and loading a variety of 35mm film stocks into the super 8 cartridges, this included emulsions from Kodak, Fuji and Ilford.

The original Super 8 film was a silent system only, but in 1973 a sound film version was released, the film with sound had a magnetic soundtrack and came in a larger cartridge than the original cartridge in order to accommodatehe sound recording head in the film path.

Sound film requires a longer film path (for smoothing the film movement before it reached the recording head) and a second aperature for the recording head.

Sound cameras were compatible with silent cartridges but not vice versa, sound film was typically filmed at a speed of 18 or 24 frames per second.

Kodak discontinued Super 8 sound film in 1997citing enviromental regulations as the reason the adhesive used to ond the magnetic track to the film was enviromentally hazardous.

in 2005 Kodak announced the discontinuation of their most popular stock Kodachrome due to the decline of facilities equipped with K-14 process Kodachrome was replaced by a new ISO64 Ektrachrome which used the simpler E-6 process.

The last roll of Kodachrome was processed on the 18th January 2011 (although announced last date of processing was 30th December 2010) in Parsons, Kansas USA by the last remaining lad capable or processing it, in December 2012 Kodak discontinued colour reversal stock in all formats including 35mm and Super 8.

Here at Angels Media & Craft Studios we can transfer Super 8 film (sound & silent) to DVD, once it has been digitalized we can adjust the colour to bring back the natural look, increase the sharpness and alter the brightness and contrast.